Tuesday, 19 June 2007
The James-Younger Gang and their McDaniel Connection
On June 3, 1871, Frank and Jesse James, Cole Younger, and Clell Miller robbed the bank in Corydon, Iowa. The bank contacted the Pinkerton National Detective Agency in Chicago, the first involvement of the famous agency in the pursuit of the James-Younger Gang.
Agency founder Allan Pinkerton dispatched his son, Robert Pinkerton, who joined a county sheriff in tracking the gang to a farm in Civil Bend, Missouri. A short, indecisive gunfight ensued, as the gang successfully escaped. On June 24, 1871, Jesse James wrote a letter to the Kansas City Times, claiming Republicans were persecuting him for his Confederate loyalties by accusing him and Frank of carrying out the robberies. "But I don't care what the degraded Radical party thinks about me," he wrote, "I would just as soon they would think I was a robber as not."
The gang next robbed a train on the Kansas Pacific Railroad near Muncie, Kansas, on December 8, 1874. It was one of the outlaws' most successful robberies, gaining them $30,000. A new addition to the gang, William "Bud" McDaniel, was captured by a Kansas City police officer after the robbery, and later was shot during an escape attempt.
On the night of January 25, 1875, the Pinkertons surrounded the James farm. Frank and Jesse James had likely been there earlier, but had already left. The Pinkertons threw an iron incendiary device into the house, which exploded when it rolled into a blazing fireplace. The blast nearly severed the right arm of Zerelda Samuel, the James boys' mother (the arm had to be amputated at the elbow that night), and killed their 9-year-old half brother, Archie Samuel. On April 12, 1875, an unknown gunman shot dead Daniel Askew, a neighbor (and former Union militiaman) who had provided the Pinkertons with a base for their raid. Allan Pinkerton now abandoned the chase after the James-Younger Gang.
On May 13, 1875, the outlaws robbed a rural store north of Clinton, Missouri for $300. On September 1, 1875, the gang ventured to Huntington, West Virginia, to rob the bank there. Thomson McDaniel (brother of Bud) and Tom Webb joined the crew for the raid, but McDaniels was killed by a posse and Webb was caught.
Also in 1875, the two James brothers moved to the outskirts of Nashville, Tennessee, probably to save their mother from further raids by detectives. Once there, Jesse James began to write letters to the local press, asserting his place as a Confederate hero and martyr to Radical Republican vindictiveness.
Generally speaking, four families of McDaniels (Alexander, James, Moses and William) signed up in 1817 to remain East and recieve a 640 acre tract of land instead of immigrating West. But by 1835 all four of these families had decided the preferable alternative would be to emigrate to Arkansas country (if before 1828) or Oklahoma (after 1828). In 1828 a treaty was signed which exchanged the lands occupied by Old Settlers (those who actually made the trip) in Arkansas for the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma. Old Settlers who were in Arkansas also moved to the Cherokee Nation, and it would not be for another ten years that the Removal of Cherokees would arrive.
At least two of these families (Moses McDaniel and Alexander's nephew James McDaniel) and maybe a third family (Will McDaniel, if the same person as Alexander's brother William McDaniel), had not voluntarily emigrated by 1835 when the Henderson Roll was taken. Also, three or four more McDaniel families had "grown up"- (Collins, Thomas, Watt and maybe Will if Will and William were not the same person) and were on the list of households to be taken on the removal. By 1848, only Alexander McDaniel's daughter (who was the 1/2 sister of Mary McDaniel Raper) Charlotte McDaniel remained back east in North Carolina.
Although Raper and Johnson families show up on the three additional rolls which were taken next, the McDaniel name does not appear. One can conclude that for the most part, the McDaniels came West to Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory on the Removal, becoming Western Cherokees. But by 1883, seventeen individuals by the last name McDaniel were listed on the Eastern Cherokee Roll taken by Joseph G. Hester. Of these, eight were rejected as unsubstaniated. The validated Hester Roll McDaniel Eastern Cherokees were:
Mary (1368), Harriett (1369), John (1370), Wesley (1371), James (1372), Susan (1373), Ah Ley (1374), Andrew (1374) and Catherine (1399). Of these, only Mary (Chapman 1347) and Catherine (Chapman 1344) were also on the Chapman Roll, and both showed up in the previous roll or rolls under the same previous last name-- Panther.
Alexander Macdonnell son of Brian Macdonnell, was born 1613 in Leinster, Ireland. He married Helena Archibold in 1644 Wicklow Co, Ireland. He died March 30, 1683 in Wicklow County, Ireland. Helena Archibold, daughter of Thomas Archibald, was born about 1616 in Arklow, Wicklow, Ireland. She died February 13, 1692 in Glencoe, Argyll, Scotland.
Children of Alexander Macdonnell and Helena Archibold are:
1. Bryan (Brian) McDonald, b. abt. 1645
2. John Macdonnell, b. abt. 1643
3. Alexander (Alastair) Macdonnell, b. abt. 1647
Alexander, was a distinguished commander of Galloglasses, which were septs of Scottish clans that went to Ireland to serve as mercenary families. Alexander McDonnell was the Constable of Wicklow County, Ireland. His grave is in the Presbyterian Cemetery in Wicklow, Ireland. His headstone is obviously very ancient, but clearly reads:
"Here lieth the body of Mr Alexander MacDonnell who departed this life March 30th, 1683 in the 70th year of his age."
Lt. Brian McDonald/McDonnell
Brian MacDonnell's Will dated March 19, 1707 Mill Creek Hundred, New Castle, Delaware
(New Castle Co. Delaware Vol B P 153 Old Book)
Brian was a Lieutenant in Colonel Francis Toole's regiment in the cause of King James II of England. It seems as though King James II was quite tolerant of the Presbyterians and believed that they should be treated equally with the Catholics. Originally there were Presbyterian Officers and members in his army.
When James went into exile in France he appointed a Lord Deputy, Richard Talbot, earl of Tyrconnell, his brother-in-law, to manage his army in Ireland. He instructed Richard Talbot to treat the Presbyterians and Catholics in the army equally. Talbot saw fit to ignore this request and began to purge the army of Protestants in the following year.
Englishmen were turned out of the Army, Protestant regiments were disbanded, and Roman Catholic Irishmen took their place. It was openly stated that Talbot's purpose was to destroy all Protestantism in the country, and to restore the old faith. It took only eighteen months and by the time James arrived back in Ireland, Talbot had removed 4000 Protestants from the army, including 400 officers. He had increased the Catholic soldiers from 1000 to 5000 by the end of 1686.
It might appear that Bryan, Alexander's son might have been purged from the James Army at this time.Bryan (or Brian) MacDonald and his family settled near New Castle, Delaware, after arriving in this country in 1685. Coming with him was his wife Mary and 3 sons, John, William and James. He had 4 more children after arriving in America. They were Bryan, Jr., Mary, Richard, and Anabel.
Bryan came to New Castle, Delaware and bought 693 acres of land from William Penn on November 18, 1689. I am told that the land is just outside Wilmington, DE, occupied now by some housing and a park--Brandywine Springs Park-. The land is bordered by Red Clay Creek and Hyde Run, both of which can be found on a New Castle County Map.
Midwest McDaniel Clan
Samuel McDaniel was born in 1762 in Fayette County Pennsylvania. He fathered 11 children in his long life of 88 years. At the age of 40 he owned and farmed 485 acres of land in Huntington Township Ohio which he purchased in 1802 from a Charles Morgan.
His children were;
Jesse McDaniel b. 1791
Isaac McDaniel b. 1792
John McDaniel b. 1796
Mary Priscilla(Polly)McDaniel b. 1797
Hannah McDaniel b.1801 in Brown Co. Ohio
William McDaniel b. 1802
Samuel McDaniel jr (pictured above) b. 1804 moved to Red Rock Township Iowa after 1852
David McDaniel b. 1806
Nancy McDaniel b. abt 1808
Jane McDaniel b. abt 1810
Lydia McDaniel b. abt 1814
Family history says that Samuel and his wife were Shawnee indians and had taken the white mans name for safety. I have gotten a copy of his will from the Chancery Court Record Book #11, pages 50-59. I can't verify this by this record but It would be more likely Samuel married a indian maiden due to the fact that his first wife is never mentioned. It is hard to understand how he could have been shawnee due to his sisters Ann, Hanna, and Jane listed in will.
Samuels Grandfather John Macdonnell immagrated from Wicklow Co. Ireland and died the year Samuel was born. Samuel Scott McDaniel jr moved to Red Rock Iowa after his father had passed away sometime after 1852. Samuel Scott was married three times and had 14 children. His first wife Hanna Eliza Wakeland McDaniel gave Samuel 7 children before she passed away at age 29.
His oldest daughter Maria was born March 4th 1857 in Illinois, she later married Benjamin Wilkens Charles May 15th 1876. There are no children listed from this marriage.
Hanna Ellen his second daughter was born Dec. 15th 1861 also in Illinois, she later married Benton Thomas March 11th 1879. She passed away in Des Moines Iowa Nov.15th 1931 at age 69. No children are recorded with this marriage.
Early History of the McDaniel Clan
William, Aaron, and Abraham were the sons of Isaac and Mary McDonald/McDaniel of Chadville, Georges Twp, Fayette Co., PA. Isaac died in 1797. His sons were: William, John, Samuel, Isaac, Aaron, Abraham, Smith Augustus, and Abner. William moved to Knottsville, WV in 1786 with his Aunt and Uncle, Hannah McDaniel Springer and Nathan Springer. Nathan and William appear on the 1786 Monongalia County Tax List.
Aaron and Abraham must have moved to Knottsville at a later date. William died in 1848 his will and was buried in the McDaniel cemetery at Stone House. William's grave marker states he was 77 years old when he died. His remains were later moved to Mary's Chapel Cemetery in Barbour County in 1937 when the Tygart Dam was constructed and the Stone House area was flooded, now being located at the bottom of Tygart Lake.
In an article published by The Barbour County Historical, Book 1343 David is stated to have moved to Stone House with his then three sons William, Aaron, and Abraham. I believe William, Aaron and Abraham were his cousins and not his sons. David is reported to be the first settler along the upper reaches of the Tygart River in what is now the southern part of Taylor County. Tradition says that he was an indian and a native of Pennsylvania, a saddler and harness maker by occupation and also was an enterprising citizen, along with his trade operated the first ferry on the Tygart River south of Grafton, known to early settlers as the McDaniel's Ferry.
From Ireland to America
When King James II went into exile in France in the 1680's he appointed Richard Talbot, earl of Tyrconnell, to manage his army in Ireland. He instructed Richard Talbot to treat the Presbyterians and Catholics in the army equally. Talbot ignored this request and began to purge the army of Protestants in the following year.
Brian MacDonnell’s land grant in Delaware was the reason why he came to America in 1685. Apparently followed to America by his younger brother Archibald, who was too young to fight at the Boyne or at Aughrim, Brian defeated English oppression in the only way possible.
There is no information about Archibald’s wife, but she may well have been the first American born member of this sept of the MacDonnells. Brian MacDonnell and his family settled near New Castle, Delaware. Coming with him was his wife Mary and 3 sons, John, William and James.
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